Schnitzer, S.A., S. Estrada-Villegas, S.J. Wright (2020). The response of lianas to 20 years of nutrient addition in a Panamanian forest. Ecology 00:e03190.10.1002/ecy.3190. PDF.

Schnitzer, S.A., N.L. Michel, J.S. Powers, W.D. Robinson (2020). Lianas increase insectivorous bird abundance and diversity in a tropical forest. Ecology 00:e03176.10.1002/ecy.3176. PDF.

Estrada-Villegas, S. J.S. Hall, M. van Breugel, S.A. Schnitzer (2020). Lianas reduce biomass accumulation in early successional tropical forests. Ecology 101: DOI: 10.1002/ecy2989.  PDF.

Parolari, A.J., K. Paul, A. Griffing, R. Condit, R. Perez, S. Aguilar, S.A. Schnitzer (2020). Liana abundance and diversity increase with rainfall seasonality along a precipitation gradient in Panama. Ecography 43: 25-33.  PDF.

Mello, F.N., S. Estrada-Villegas, D. Defilippis, S.A. Schnitzer (2020). Can functional traits explain plant coexistence? A case study with tropical lianas and trees. Diversity 12, 397, doi:10.3390/d12100397. PDF.

Estrada-Villegas, S., M. Bailón, J.S. Hall, S.A. Schnitzer, B. Turner, T. Caughlin, M. van Breugel (2020). Edaphic factors and initial conditions influence successional trajectories of early regenerating tropical dry forests. Journal of Ecology 108: 160-174. PDF.

Smith-Martin, C.M., X. Xu, D. Medvigy, S.A. Schnitzer, J.S. Powers (2020). Allometric scaling laws linking biomass and rooting depth vary across ontogeny and functional groups in tropical dry forest lianas and trees. New Phytologist 226: 714-726. PDF.

Venegas-González, A., F.N. Mello, S.A. Schnitzer, R.G. Cesar, T. Filho. The negative effect of lianas on tree growth varies with tree species and season. Biotropica 52: 836-844. 


Medina-Vega, J., F. Bongers, S.A. Schnitzer, F. Sterck. Lianas explore the forest canopy more effectively than trees under drier conditions. Functional Ecology, 2020;00:1–12. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13717.

Meunier, F., H. Verbeeck, B. Cowdery, S.A. Schnitzer, C.M. Smith-Martin, J.S. Powers, X. Xu, M. Slot, H. De Deurwaeder, M. Detto, M. di Porcia e Brugnera, D. Bonal, M. Longo, L. Santiago, M. Dietze. Unraveling the relative role of light and water competition between liana and trees in tropical forests: A vegetation model analysis. Journal of Ecology, https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13540.

Barry, K.E., G. Pinter, J. Strini, K. Yang, I.G. Lauko, S.A. Schnitzer, A. Clark, J.M. Cowles, A.S. Mori, L. Williams, P.B. Reich. A null model for scaling biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships. Journal of Ecology. In press.


Schnitzer, S.A. and G.M.F. van der Heijden (2019). Lianas have a seasonal growth advantage over co-occurring trees. Ecology 100: DOI: 10.1002/ecy2655. PDF.

van der Heijden, G.M.F., J.S. Powers, S.A. Schnitzer (2019). No seasonal differences in liana effect on forest-level tree biomass growth in a liana removal experiment in Panama. Journal of Ecology 107:1890-1900. PDF

Smith-Martin, C.M., C. Bastos, O.R. Lopez, J.S. Powers, S.A. Schnitzer (2019). Effects of dry-season irrigation on leaf physiology and biomass allocation on tropical lianas and trees. Ecology 100: e02666. PDF

Adams, B., S.A. Schnitzer, S.P. Yanoviak (2019). Connectivity explains local ant community structure in a Neotropical forest canopy: a large-scale experimental approach. Ecology 100 DOI: 10.1002/ecy2673. PDF.

van der Sande, M., L. Poorter, S.A. Schnitzer, B.M. Engelbrecht, L. Markesteijn (2019). The hydraulic efficiency - safety tradeoff differs between lianas and trees. Ecology 100 DOI: 10.1002/ecy2666. PDF.

di Porcia e Brugnera, M., F. Meunier, M. Longo, S. Moorthy, H. De Deurwaerder, S.A. Schnitzer, D. Bonal, B. Faybishenko, H. Verbeeck (2019). Modelling the impact of liana infestation on the demography and carbon cycle of tropical forests. Global Change Biology 25: 3767-3780. PDF.


Adams, B., E. Gora, M. van Breugel, S. Estrada-Villegas, S.A. Schnitzer, J.S. Hall, S.P. Yanoviak (in press). Do lianas shape ant communities in an early successional tropical forest? Biotropica 51: 883-893. PDF.


Moorthy, S.M.K., Y Bao, K. Calders, S.A. Schnitzer, H. Verbeeck (2019). Semi-automatic extraction of liana stems from terrestrial LiDAR point clouds of tropical rainforests. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 154: 114-126.  PDF.

Eisenhauer, N., H. Schielzeth, A.D. Barnes, K. Barry, A. Bonn, U. Brose, H. Bruelheide, F. Buscot, A. Ebeling, O. Ferlian, G.T. Freshet, D.P. Giling, S. Hättenschwiler, H. Hillebrand, J. Hines, Forest Isbell, E. Koller-France, B. König-Ries, H. de Kroon, S.T Meyer, A. Milcu, Jörg Müller, C.A. Nock, J.S. Petermann, C. Roscher, C. Scherber, M. Scherer-Lorenzen, B. Schmid, S.A. Schnitzer, A. Schuldt, T. Tscharntke, M. Türke, N.M. van Dam, F. van der Plas, A. Vogel, C. Wagg, D.A. Wardle, A. Weigelt, W.W. Weisser, C. Wirth, M. Jochum (2019). A multitrophic perspective on biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research. Advances in Ecological Research 61: 1-54.  PDF.


Schnitzer, S.A. (2018). Testing ecological theory with lianas. Tansley Review, New Phytologist 220: 366-380. PDF

Garcia-Leon, M.M., L. Martinez-Izquierdo, F.N.A. Mello, J.S. Powers, S.A. Schnitzer (2018). Lianas reduce community-level canopy tree reproduction in a Panamanian forest. Journal of Ecology 106: 737-745. PDF.

Estrada-Villegas, S. and S.A. Schnitzer (2018). A comprehensive synthesis of liana removal experiments in tropical forests. Biotropica 50: 729-739. PDF.​

Visser, M.D., S.A. Schnitzer, S.J. Wright, H.C. Muller-Landau, E. Jongejans, L.S. Comita H. de Kroon, R. Condit, S. P. Hubbell (2018). Tree species vary widely in their tolerance for liana infestation: A case study of differential host response to generalist parasites. Journal of Ecology 106: 784-794. PDF.

Visser, M.D., H.C. Muller-Landau, S.A. Schnitzer, H. de Kroon, E. Jongejans, S.J. Wright (2018). A host-parasite model explains variation in liana infestation among co-occurring tree species. Journal of Ecology 106: 2435-2445. PDF.

Clark, A.T., M. Detto, H.C. Muller-Landau, S.A. Schnitzer, S.J. Wright (2018). Functional traits of tropical trees and lianas influence spatial aggregation at multiple scales. Journal of Ecology 106: 795-806. PDF.

Manzané-Pinzón, E., G. Goldstein, S.A. Schnitzer (2018). Does soil moisture availability explain liana seedling distribution across a tropical rainfall gradient. Biotropica 50: 215-224. PDF.

Moorthy, S., K Calders, M. di Porcia e Brugnera, S.A. Schnitzer, H. Verbeeck (2018). Terrestrial laser scanning to detect liana impact on forest structure. Remote Sensing 10: 810; doi:10.3390/rs10060810. PDF


Stewart, T.E. and S.A. Schnitzer. (2017). Blurred lines between competition and parasitism. Biotropica 49: 433-438. PDF.

Gora, E., P. Bitzer, J. Burchfield, S.A. Schnitzer, S. Yanoviak (2017). Effects of lightning on trees: a predictive model based on in situ electrical resistivity. Ecology and Evolution 7: 8523-8534. PDF.

Chen, Y.-J., S.A. Schnitzer, Y.-J. Zhang, Z.-X. Fan, G. Goldstein, K.W. Tomlinson, K.-F. Cao, J.-L. Zhang (2017). Stomatal regulation and efficient xylem water transport regulate diurnal water and carbon balances of tropical lianas. Functional Ecology 31: 306-317. PDF.

Adams, B.J., S.A. Schnitzer, S.P. Yanoviak (2017). Trees as islands: canopy ant species richness increases with the size of liana-free trees in a Neotropical forest. Ecography 40: 1067-1075. PDF.

DeGuzman, M.E., L.S. Santiago, S.A. Schnitzer, L. Alvarez-Cansino (2017). Trade-offs between water transport capacity and drought resistance in neotropical canopy liana and tree species. Tree Physiology 37: 1404-1414. PDF.


Schnitzer, S.A. and W.P. Carson (2016). Would ecology fail the repeatability test? Bioscience 66: 98-99. PDF.

Martinez-Izquierdo, L., M.M. Garcia-Leon, J.S. Powers, S.A. Schnitzer (2016). Lianas suppress seedling growth and survival of 14 tree species in a Panamanian tropical forest. Ecology 97: 215-224. PDF.

Rodriguez-Ronderos, M.E., G. Bohrer, A. Sanchez-Azofeifa, J.S. Powers, S.A. Schnitzer (2016). Contribution of lianas to plant area index & structure in a Panamanian forest. Ecology 97: 3271-3277. PDF.

Ledo, A., J.B. Illian, S.A. Schnitzer, S.J. Wright, J.W. Dalling, D.F.R.P Burslem (2016). Prediction of fine-scale distribution of aboveground biomass in a tropical moist forest. Journal of Ecology 104: 1819-1828. PDF.

Marvin, D.C., G.P. Asner, S.A. Schnitzer (2016). Liana canopy cover mapped throughout a tropical forest with high-fidelity imaging spectroscopy. Remote Sensing of Environment 176: 98-106. PDF.

Young A.M., K.E. Barry, S.A. Schnitzer (2016). Top-down versus bottom-up ecological control in cacao, Theobroma cacao L. Tropical Agriculture 93: 216-226. PDF.

Barry, K.E. & S.A. Schnitzer (2016). Maintenance of plant species diversity in forest ecosystems. In: Plant Biodiversity: Monitoring, Assessment, and Conservation, Ansari A.A., S.S. Gill, Z.K. Abbas, M. Naeem, editors. CAB International Publishing.


Schnitzer, S.A., G.M.F. van der Heijden, J.S. Powers (2015). Addressing the challenges of including lianas in global vegetation models. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi:10.1073/pnas.1521343113. PDF.

van der Heijden, G.M.F., J.S. Powers, S.A. Schnitzer (2015). Lianas reduce carbon accumulation in tropical forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112: 13267-13271. PDF.

Alvarez-Cansino, L., S.A. Schnitzer, J.P. Reid, J.S. Powers (2015). Liana competition with tropical trees varies with seasonal rainfall and soil moisture, but not tree species identity. Ecology 96: 39-45. PDF.

Marvin, D.C., K. Winter, R.J. Burnham, S.A. Schnitzer (2015). No experimental evidence that elevated CO2 gives tropical lianas an advantage over tropical trees. Global Change Biology 21: 2055-2069. PDF.

Wright, A.J., M.J. Tobin, S.A. Mangan, S.A. Schnitzer (2015). Unique competitive effects of lianas and trees in a tropical forest understory. Oecologia 177: 561-569. PDF.

Wright, A.J., S.A. Schnitzer, P.B. Reich. (2015). Daily environmental conditions can drive the competition-facilitation balance among neighbors. Journal of Ecology 103: 648-656. PDF.

Chen, Y.-J., K.-F. Cao, S.A. Schnitzer, Z.-X. Fan, J.-L. Zhang, F. Bongers (2015). Water-use advantage of lianas over trees in seasonal tropical forests. New Phytologist 205: 128-136. PDF.

Waring, B.G., L. Álvarez Cansino, K.E. Barry, K.K. Becklund, S. Dale, M.G. Gei, O.R. Lopez, L. Markesteijn S.A. Mangan, M.E. Rodriguez-Ronderos, R.M Segnitz, S.A. Schnitzer, J.S. Powers (2015). Pervasive and strong effects of plant individuals and species on soil chemistry: a meta-analysis of individual plant 'Zinke' effects. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 2015.1001. PDF.

Reid, J.P., S.A. Schnitzer, J.S. Powers (2015). Soil moisture variation after liana removal in a seasonally moist, lowland tropical forest. PLoS One DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0141891. PDF.

Barry, K.E., S.A. Schnitzer, M. van Bruegal, J.S. Hall (2015). Rapid liana colonization and community development along a secondary forest chronosequence. Biotropica, 47: 672-680. PDF.

Schnitzer S.A., F. Bongers, R.J. Burnham, F.E. Putz, Editors (2015). Ecology of Lianas. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford. 504 pp. ISBN: 978-1-118-39249-2. 

Pérez, R., S.A. Schnitzer, S. Aguilar, N. Daguerre, A. Hernández (2015).  Lianas y Enredaderas de la Isla Barro Colorado, Panamá.​

Schnitzer, S.A. (2015) The ecology of lianas in tropical forests. In: Entanglement: Notes on Representation, volume 7. Irene Kopelman, editor. Roma Publication 256.

Schnitzer, S.A. (2015) The contribution of lianas to forest ecology, diversity, and dynamics. Pages 149-160 in: Biodiversity of Lianas, Parthasarathy, N., editor. Springer-Verlag Publishing, Switzerland.

Schnitzer, S.A. (2015) The ecology of lianas in forest ecosystems. Pages 185-197 in: Handbook of Ecology, Peh, K., R. Corlett, Y. Bergeron, editors. Routledge Publishing, New York, NY.

Schnitzer, S.A. (2015). Increasing liana abundance and biomass in neotropical forests: causes and consequences.  Pages: 451-464 in: Ecology of Lianas, Schnitzer, S.A., F. Bongers, R.J. Burnham, F.E. Putz, editors.  Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.


Schnitzer, S.A., S.A. Mangan, S.P. Hubbell (2015). Diversity and distribution of lianas on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Pages: 76-90 in: Ecology of Lianas, Schnitzer, S.A., F. Bongers, R.J. Burnham, F.E. Putz, editors.  Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.


Schnitzer, S.A., F.E. Putz, F. Bongers, K. Kroening (2015). The past, present, and potential future of liana ecology. Pages: 3-12 in: Ecology of Lianas, Schnitzer, S.A., F. Bongers, R.J. Burnham, F.E. Putz, editors.  Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

DeWalt, S.J., S.A. Schnitzer, et al. (2015). Biogeographical patterns of liana abundance and diversity.  Pages: 131-148 in: Ecology of Lianas, Schnitzer, S.A., F. Bongers, R.J. Burnham, F.E. Putz, editors.  Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

van der Heijden, G., O. Phillips, S.A. Schnitzer (2015). Effects of lianas on forest level biomass.  Pages: 164-174 in: Ecology of Lianas, Schnitzer, S.A., F. Bongers, R.J. Burnham, F.E. Putz, editors.  Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.



Schnitzer, S.A., G.M.F. van der Heijden, J. Mascaro, W.P. Carson (2014). Lianas in gaps reduce carbon accumulation in a tropical forest. Ecology 95: 3008-3017. PDF.


Ledo, A. and S.A. Schnitzer (2014). Disturbance and clonal reproduction determine liana distribution and maintain liana diversity in a tropical forest. Ecology 95: 2169-2178. PDF.

Wright, A.J., S.A. Schnitzer, P.B. Reich (2014). Size matters when living close to your neighbors – the importance of both competition and facilitation in plant communities. Ecology 95: 2213-2223. PDF.

Mascaro, J., C.M Litton, R.F. Hughes, A. Uowolo, S.A. Schnitzer (2014). Is logarithmic transformation necessary in allometry? Ten, one-hundred, one-thousand times yes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 111: 230-233. PDF.


Wyka, T.P., J. Oleksyn, P. Karolewski, S.A. Schnitzer (2013). Phenotypic correlates of the lianescent growth form – a review. Annals of Botany 112: 1667-1681. PDF.

Wright, A.J., S.A. Schnitzer, I. Dickie, A. Gunderson, G. Pinter, S.A. Mangan, P.B. Reich (2013). Facilitation and competition in woody species establishment in grasslands. Oecologia 171: 449-458. PDF.

Yorke, S.R., S.A. Schnitzer, J. Mascaro, S. Letcher, W.P. Carson (2013). Increasing liana abundance in a tropical forest: the contribution of long distance clonal colonization. Biotropica 45: 317-324. PDF.

van der Heijden, G.M.F., S.A. Schnitzer, J.S. Powers, O.L. Phillips (2013). Liana impacts on carbon cycling, storage and sequestration in tropical forests. Biotropica 45: 682-692. PDF.

van der Sande, M, L. Poorter, S.A. Schnitzer, L. Markesteijn (2013). Are lianas more drought tolerant than trees? A test for the role of hydraulic architecture and other functional traits. Oecologia 172: 961-972.

Yanoviak, S.P. & S.A. Schnitzer (2013). Functional roles of lianas for forest canopy animals. Pages 209-214 in: Treetops at Risk, Lowman, M., S. Devy, T. Ganesh editors.  Springer Verlag, New York.


Schnitzer, S.A., S.A. Mangan, J.W. Dalling, C. Baldeck, S.P. Hubbell, A. Ledo, H. Muller-Landau, M. Tobin, S. Aguilar, D. Brassfield, A. Hernandez, S. Lao, R. Perez, O. Valdez, S.R. Yorke. (2012). Liana abundance, diversity, and distribution on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. PLoS One 7(12): e52114. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052114. PDF.

Dalling, J.W., S.A. Schnitzer, C. Baldeck, K.E. Harms, R. John, S.A. Mangan, E. Lobo, J.B. Yavitt, S.P Hubbell (2012). Resource-based habitat associations in a neotropical liana community. Journal of Ecology 100: 1174-1182. PDF.

Mascaro, J., R.F. Hughes, S.A. Schnitzer (2012). Novel forests maintain ecosystem processes after the decline of native tree species. Ecological Monographs 82: 221-228. PDF.

Tobin, M.F., A.J. Wright, S.A. Mangan, S.A. Schnitzer (2012). Lianas have a greater competitive effect than trees of similar biomass on tropical canopy trees. Ecosphere 3, Article 20: 1-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES11-00322.1. PDF.


Dunn, J., N. Asensio, V. Arroyo-Rodriguez, S.A. Schnitzer, J. Cristobal-Azkarate (2012). The ranging costs of a fallback food: liana consumption supplements diet but increases foraging effort in howler monkeys. Biotropica 44: 705-714. PDF.

Cayuela L., L. Gálvez-Bravo, R. Pérez, F.S. de Albuquerque, D.J. Golicher, …, S.A. Schnitzer, et al. (2012). The tree biodiversity network (BIOTREE-NET): prospects for biodiversity research and conservation in the tropics. Biodiversity and Ecology 4: 211-224.

Cayuela L., L. Gálvez-Bravo, F.S. de Albuquerque, D.J. Golicher, M. González-Espinosa, … S.A. Schnitzer, et al. (2012). La Red Internacional de Inventarios Forestales (BIOTREE-NET) en Mesoamérica: avances, retos y perspectivas futuras. Ecosistemas 21: 126-135.


Schnitzer, S.A., J. Klironomos, J. HilleRisLambers, L.L. Kinkel, P.B. Reich, K. Xiao, M. Rillig, B.A. Sikes, R. Callaway, S.A. Mangan, E. van Ness, M. Scheffer (2011). Soil-borne microbes drive the classic asymptotic diversity-productivity pattern. Ecology 92: 296-303. PDF.

* Named to the Faculty of 1000 top 2% of publications in biology and medicine.

Schnitzer, S.A. and F. Bongers (2011). Increasing liana abundance and biomass in tropical forests: emerging patterns and putative mechanisms. Ecology Letters 14: 397-406. PDF

Schnitzer, S.A., and J. Klironomos (2011). Soil microbes regulate ecosystem productivity and maintain species diversity. Plant Signaling & Behavior 6: 1240-1243. PDF.

* Named to the Faculty of 1000 top 2% of publications in biology and medicine.

Schnitzer, S.A., F. Bongers, S.J. Wright (2011). Community and ecosystem ramifications of increasing lianas in neotropical forests. Plant Signaling & Behavior 6: 598-600. PDF.

Mascaro, J. and S.A. Schnitzer (2011). Dominance by the introduced tree Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn) may limit carbon storage in Southern Wisconsin forests. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 545-550. PDF.

Mascaro, J., C.M Litton, R.F. Hughes, A. Uowolo, S.A. Schnitzer (2011). Minimizing bias in biomass allometry: model selection and log-transformation of data. Biotropica 43: 649-653.

Lambert, T.D., M.K. Halsey, J. Dittel, S.A. Mangan, E. Delfosse, G.H. Adler, S.A. Schnitzer (2011). First record of Alston’s Woolly Mouse Opossum (Micoureus alstoni) from the canal area of Central Panama. Mammalia 75: 107-109. PDF.


Schnitzer, S.A. and W.P. Carson (2010). Lianas suppress tree regeneration and diversity in treefall gaps. Ecology Letters 13: 849-857. PDF.

Mangan S.A., S.A. Schnitzer, E.A. Herre, K. Mack, M. Valencia, E. Sanchez, J.D. Bever (2010). Negative plant-soil feedback predicts relative species abundance in a tropical forest. Nature 466: 752-756. PDF.

Ingwell, L.L., S.J. Wright, K.K. Becklund, S.P. Hubbell, S.A. Schnitzer (2010). The impact of lianas on 10 years of tree growth and mortality on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Journal of Ecology 98: 879-887. PDF.

DeWalt, S.J., S.A. Schnitzer, J. Chave, F. Bongers, R.J. Burnham, et al. (2010). Annual rainfall and seasonality predict pan-tropical patterns of liana density and basal area. Biotropica 42: 309-317. PDF.


Cai, Z.Q., S.A. Schnitzer, F. Bongers (2009). Seasonal differences in leaf-level physiology give lianas a competitive advantage over trees in a tropical forest. Oecologia 161: 25-33. PDF.

Cai, Z.Q., S.A. Schnitzer, B. Wen, Y.J. Chen, F. Bongers (2009). The liana community in three tropical forest types in Xishuangbanna, SW China. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 21: 252-264. PDF.

HilleRisLambers, J., W.S. Harpole, S.A. Schnitzer, D. Tilman, P.B. Reich (2009). The effects of elevated CO2, nitrogen deposition and declining diversity on seed production of prairie grasses and forbs. Ecology 90: 1810-1820.

Sánchez-Azofeifa, G.A., M. Kalacska, M.M. do Espírito-Santo G.W. Fernandes, S.A. Schnitzer (2009). Tropical dry forest succession and the contribution of Lianas to Wood Area Index (WAI). Forest Ecology and Management 258: 941-948.

Sánchez-Azofeifa, G.A., K. Castro, S.J. Wright, J. Gamon, M. Kalacska, B. Rivard, S.A. Schnitzer, J. Feng (2009). Differences in leaf traits, leaf internal structure, and spectral reflectance between two communities of lianas and trees. Remote Sensing and the Environment 113: 2076-2088.


Schnitzer, S.A., R.A. Londré, J. Klironomos, P.B. Reich (2008). Biomass and toxicity responses of poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) to elevated atmospheric CO2: Comment. Ecology 89: 581-585. PDF.

Schnitzer, S.A., S. Rutishauser, S. Aguilar (2008). Supplemental protocol for liana censuses. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 1044-1049. PDF.

Mascaro J., K. Becklund, F. Hughes, S.A. Schnitzer (2008). Limited native plant recruitment in exotic-dominated forests in Hawai’i. Forest Ecology & Management 256: 593-606. PDF.

* Featured in Nature 460: 450-453.

Paine, C.E.T., K.E. Harms, S.A. Schnitzer, W.P. Carson (2008). Weak competition among tropical tree seedlings: implications for species coexistence.  Biotropica 40: 432-440. PDF.

* Winner of the 2009 Biotropica Award for Excellence in Tropical Biology and Conservation.

Garrido-Pérez, E.I., J.M. Dupuy, R. Durán-García, G. Gerold, S.A. Schnitzer, M. Ucan-May (2008). Structural effects of lianas and hurricane Wilma on trees in Yucatan peninsula, Mexico. Journal of Tropical Ecology 24: 559-562. PDF.

Carson, W.P. and S.A. Schnitzer, Editors (2008).  Tropical Forest Community Ecology.  Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford. 536 pp. ISBN: 978-1-4051-1897-2. 

​Schnitzer, S.A. and W.P Carson (2008). Tropical forest community ecology: scope of the book and key contributions.  Pages: 3-8 in: Tropical Forest Community Ecology, Carson, W.P. and Schnitzer, S.A., editors.  Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

Schnitzer, S.A., J. Mascaro, W.P Carson (2008). Treefall gaps and the maintenance of species diversity in tropical forests.  Pages: 196-209 in: Tropical Forest Community Ecology, Carson, W.P. and Schnitzer, S.A., editors.  Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

Carson, W.P., J. Anderson, E.G. Leigh, S.A. Schnitzer (2008). Challenges Associated with Testing and Falsifying the Janzen-Connell Hypothesis: A Review and Critique.  Pages: 210-241 in: Tropical Forest Community Ecology, Carson, W.P. and Schnitzer, S.A., editors.  Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.


Dickie, I.A., S.A. Schnitzer, P.B. Reich, S.E. Hobbie (2007). Is oak establishment in old fields and savannas context dependent? Journal of Ecology 95: 309-320. PDF.

Dickie, I.A., R.A. Montgomery, P.B. Reich, S.A. Schnitzer (2007). Physiological responses of oak seedlings to forest soils. Tree Physiology 27: 133-140. PDF.

Mascaro J. and S.A. Schnitzer (2007). Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn) as an ecosystem dominant in Southern Wisconsin forests. Northeastern Naturalist 14: 387-402. PDF.


Londré, R.A. and S.A. Schnitzer  (2006). The distribution of lianas and their change in abundance in temperate forests over the past 45 years. Ecology 87: 2973-2978. PDF.

Schnitzer, S.A., S.J. DeWalt, J. Chave (2006). Censusing and measuring lianas: a quantitative comparison of the common methods.  Biotropica 38: 581-591. PDF.

Kurzel, B.P., S.A. Schnitzer, W.P. Carson (2006). Predicting liana crown location from stem diameter in three Panamanian forests. Biotropica 38: 262-266. PDF.

Gerwing, J.J., S.A. Schnitzer, R.J. Burnham, F. Bongers, J. Chave, S.J. DeWalt, C.E.N. Ewango, R. Foster, D. Kenfack, M. Martinez-Ramos, M. Parren, N. Parthasarathy, D.R. Perez-Salicrup, F.E. Putz, D.W. Thomas (2006). A standard protocol for liana censuses. Biotropica 38: 256-261. PDF.

Mascaro, J. and S.A. Schnitzer (2006). Structuring of forest plant communities through variable disturbance severity.  Pages 1-27 in: New Developments in Ecological Research, Burke, A.R. editor. NOVA Science Publishers, New York.


Schnitzer, S.A. (2005). A mechanistic explanation for global patterns of liana abundance and distribution. The American Naturalist 166: 262-276. PDF.

Schnitzer, S.A., M. Kuzee, F. Bongers (2005). Disentangling above-and below-ground competition between lianas and trees in a tropical forest. Journal of Ecology 93: 1115-1125. PDF.

Dickie, I.A., Schnitzer, S.A., P.B. Reich, S.E. Hobbie (2005). Spatially disjunct effects of co-occurring competition and facilitation. Ecology Letters 8: 1191-1200. PDF.

Andrade, J.L., F.C. Meinzer, G. Goldstein, S.A. Schnitzer (2005). Water uptake and transport in lianas and co-occurring trees of a seasonally dry tropical forest. Trees - Structure & Function 19: 282-289. PDF.

Schnitzer, S.A. and F. Bongers (2005). Lianas and gap-phase regeneration: implications for forest dynamics and species diversity.  Pages 59-72 in: Forest Climbing Plants of West Africa: Diversity, Ecology, and Management. F. Bongers, M.P. Parren, D. Traore, editors. CABI Publishing, Wallingford.

Parren, M.P.E., F. Bongers, G. Caballé, J. Nabe-Nielsen, S.A. Schnitzer (2005). On censusing lianas: a review of the issues.  Pages 41-58 in Forest Climbing Plants of West Africa: Diversity, Ecology, and Management. F. Bongers, M.P. Parren, D. Traore, editors. CABI Publishing, Wallingford.


Holmgren, M. and S.A. Schnitzer (2004). Science on the rise in developing countries. PLoS Biology 2: 10-13. PDF.

Schnitzer, S.A., M. Parren, F. Bongers (2004). Recruitment of lianas into logging gaps and the effects of pre-harvest liana cutting in a Cameroon lowland forest. Forest Ecology & Management 190: 87-98. PDF.

Mascaro, J., S.A. Schnitzer, W.P. Carson (2004). Liana diversity, abundance, and mortality in a tropical wet forest in Costa Rica. Forest Ecology & Management 190: 3-15. PDF.

Stevens, M.H.H., D. Bunker, S.A. Schnitzer, W.P. Carson (2004). Establishment limitation reduces species recruitment along an experimental fertility gradient. Journal of Ecology 92: 339-347. PDF.

Pérez-Salicrup, D.R., S.A. Schnitzer, F.E. Putz (2004). Community ecology and management of lianas. Forest Ecology & Management 190: 1-2.

Pérez-Salicrup, D.R., S.A. Schnitzer, F.E. Putz, Guest Editors (2004). Community Ecology and Management of Lianas in Tropical Forests. Special Issue of Forest Ecology & Management 190.


Carson, W.P. and S.A. Schnitzer (2003).  Nouragues: Deep forest ecology.  Book review: Nouragues: Dynamics and Plant-animal Interactions in a Neotropical Rainforest. Ecology 84: 1340-1341.


Schnitzer, S.A. and F. Bongers (2002). The ecology of lianas and their role in forests. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 17: 223-230. PDF.

Schnitzer, S.A., P. Reich, B. Bergner, W.P. Carson (2002). Herbivore and pathogen damage on grass-land and woodland plants: A test of the Herbivore Uncertainty Principle. Ecology Letters 5: 531-539. PDF.

Bongers, F., S.A. Schnitzer, D. Traore (2002). The importance of lianas and consequences for forest management in West Africa. BioTerre, Special edition: 59-70.


Schnitzer, S.A. and W.P. Carson (2001). Treefall gaps and the maintenance of species diversity in a tropical forest. Ecology 82: 913-919. PDF.


Schnitzer, S.A., J.W. Dalling, W.P. Carson (2000). The impact of lianas on tree regeneration in tropical forest canopy gaps: Evidence for an alternative pathway of gap-phase regeneration. Journal of Ecology 88: 655-666. PDF.

* Commendation for the John L. Harper Young Investigator’s Award, Journal of Ecology 88: 939.

Schnitzer, S.A. and W.P. Carson (2000). Have we missed the forest because of the trees? Trends in Ecology & Evolution 15: 376-377. PDF.

Schnitzer, S.A. and R.K. Neely (2000). Criticism of the litterbag technique for the study of aquatic plant decay: Suppression of epiphytic algal biomass. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 148: 433-440. PDF.

DeWalt, S.J., S.A. Schnitzer, J.S. Denslow (2000). Density and diversity of lianas along a seasonal tropical forest chronosequence in central Panama. Journal of Tropical Ecology 16: 1-19. PDF.


Schnitzer, S.A. and W.P. Carson (1999). Tropical environments.  Pages 605-609 in: The Encyclopedia of Environmental Sciences, D. Alexander and R. Fairbridge, editors. McGraw-Hill Publishing.

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